Cloves from Madagascar, Clove Stems, Clove Oil and Clove Leaf Oil

Interesting Facts...
  Humans were using spices in 50,000  BC. The spice trade developed throughout the Middle East in around 2000 BC with cinnamon and pepper, and in East Asia (Korea, China) with herbs and pepper.

  In the 18th century, Holland had such a fiercely guarded monopoly on the clove trade that the government made growing or selling cloves outside its colony of Amboina, in Indonesia, a crime punishable by death. The Chinese were said to use them as far back as 226 BC. Apparently they chewed the flowerettes prior to having an audience with the Emperor so that their breath would not smell bad.

Cardamom is used to break up kidney stones and gallstones, and was reportedly used as an antidote for both snake and scorpion venom. Guatemala is the largest producer of cardamom in the world with an average yield of between 25 thousand to 29 thousand metric tons annually.

Vanilla is the only edible fruit of the orchid family, the largest family of flowering plants in the world

The early term for "merchant" in Austronesian is *dagang (Dempwolff) and this word is very similar to one of the terms for "ocean."

Columbus' far-fetched proposal to reach the East Indies by sailing westward received the support of the Spanish crown, which saw in it a promise, however remote, of gaining the upper hand over rival powers in the contest for the lucrative spice trade with Asia

The Cashew Nut is actually a seed and not a "nut", in the botanical sense.  The seed is surrounded by a double shell containing an allergenic phenolic resin, anacardic acid, a potent skin irritant chemically related to the more well known allergenic oil urushiol which is also a toxin found in the related poison ivy. Properly roasting cashews destroys the toxin, but it must be done outdoors as the smoke (not unlike that from burning poison ivy) contains urushiol droplets which can cause severe, sometimes life-threatening, reactions by irritating the lungs.

While native to Brazil, the Portuguese took the cashew plant to Goa, India, between the years of 1560 and 1565. From there it spread throughout Southeast Asia and eventually Africa.

clove stems

Exporters of cloves from Madagascar


  •           Cloves                    Suppliers of cloves in Madagascar


    Cloves (Syzygium aromaticum) are the aromatic, dried, fully grown flower buds (unopened) of
    the clove tree.  Native to the Maluku Islands (historically called the Spice Islands), the clove tree is a pyramidal, evergreen and broad-leaved tree that grows about 20 to 45 feet tall.

    Kautilya Commodities is a supplier of cloves from Madagascar. 

    Cloves Madagascar
    The Clove Tree 

    The clove tree takes about 6 to 8 years for flowering, after planting and the buds take another 6 months to mature.  The flowering starts during August / September to February depending on the altitude (earlier in low elevation areas and later in higher ones).  The harvesting period is normally from February to March.  Clove trees thrive on abundant rainfall at least 60 inches per year and a dry season during which the flower buds are hand-picked and sun-dried till they turn a deep-brown and then packed. Though a clove tree may live 100 years, it flowers best when it is between 15 and 20 years old. After that time, yield decreases significantly.  The yield of cloves varies with age, size and condition of trees. An average yield of 3.5-7.0 kg dry clove per tree per year is obtained, though the figure can surprisingly go much higher depending on various factors such as the genetic quality of the tree, the soil, the age and the climate.

    Our collectors are trained for identifying the correct buds based on size and colour.

    Nutritional Info ( typical values per 100g) :
    Energy (Kcal) : 430 / Energy (kJ) : 1789.10 / Protein : 6.0g / Carbonhydrate : 68.8g / Fibre : 12.1g /Fat : 14.5g / Sodium : 250mg / Water: 5.0g
    Moisture content : 8-15% Maximum / Total ash : 2-5%


    We grade cloves in to different categories given below in descending order of quality:

    1.  Hand-picked / CG-1 - This is the highest quality which entails manual sorting of the cloves at a microscopic level.  There could be a certain percentage in the range of 3 % of baby cloves / stems but can be maintained below that..

    2.  CG-2 - Percentage of baby cloves and stems is higher, low ash content.

    3.  CG-3 - Percentage of baby cloves, stems, ash content higher.


    Sample picture of a crop of cloves from Madagascar

    Clove oil can be extracted from the leaves, stem and buds. We sell clove leaf oil as well as oil extracted from the stem and buds.  Clove leaf oil is extracted by water distillation, containing the desired lower percentage of eugenol.

    Clove Stems from Madagascar
    A darker variant of cloves from Madagascar 
    Kautilya Commodities is an exporter of cloves from Madagascar adhering to the specifications requested by the customer.  We are also an exporter of clove stems

    We will be uploading pictures of fresh stocks of clove stems from Madagascar in the last quarter of 2013.  Clove stems are used in the extraction of clove oil and the clove stems we export are selected on the basis of high oil content.

    For further information about the availability, quality, price of cloves, clove stems and clove oil, please contact us.